Common Jewelry Definitions

Amethyst

A common form of quartz. Amethyst is usually purple. But can range in color from pale lavender to a very deep, Reddish purple. Deeper – colored amethyst are most highly valued.

Aquamarine

A member of the beryl family, like emerald. Aquamarine is transparent blue or sea-green. The name comes from a Latin phrase meaning “water of the sea”. It was through to bring its wearers knowledge, foresight and inspiration.

Baguette

A gemstone cut in narrow rectangular shape reminiscent of a loaf of French bread, from which is draws its name. small diamonds cut this way are often used as accents for rings and necklace.

Blue topaz

A topaz that is light brown of colorless when mined but turns a vivid blue when exposed to heat. Blue topaz is an alternate birthstone for December.

Box Chain

A chain in which each link is wide and square so that it resembles a box.

Bridal Set

An engagement and wedding rings that come in a set and usually match or complement each other.

Choker

A close fitting necklace worn tight around the neck like a collar.

Citrine

Named after the French word for lemon, “Citron”. Citrine is often incorrectly called quartz topaz or citrine topaz. A Variety of quartz, citrine is found in light yellow, amber-brown, and a brilliant orange that may be confused with fine imperial topaz. Citrine is the birthstone for November.

Clip-back Earring

A hinged ring with a pad, called a “Comfort back”, at one end to secure the earring to the earlobe without requiring that the ear be pierced.

Cluster

Several Stones grouped together in a jewelry setting.

Cubic Zirconia

(CZ) A clear, hard, mass-produced gemstone cut to resemble a diamond. It is a chemical composition, but to become s CZ the mineral must be heated to almost 5000 degrees Fahrenheit. Like diamonds, The best cubic zirconia gems are colorless but colored forms are also manufactured. CZ Gemstone are cut in the same fashion as diamonds and like diamonds the size of the gemstone is usually indicated by its weight in carats. The stone can also be measured in millimeter diameter size because the CZ stone is so dense and solid. It outweigh a diamond of the same millimeter size, weighing 1.7 times more than a diamond of the same millimeter diameter. It is also not a hard as a diamond rating only an 8 on the mohs scale.

Cuff Bracelet

A wide rigid bangle with a narrow opening on one side to allow the wrist to pass through.

Cuff link

A decorative fastener worn to close the cuff of a shirt that provides holes on the cuff for the cufflink rather than closing with buttons.

Cultured Pearl

A mean of duplicating the organic process of natural pearl creation. A tiny irritant like a bead grain of sand , or a piece of mother of pearl from another mollusk can be inserted into the opening of an oyster or mollusk. This irritant becomes the nucleus of a pearl once that mollusk secretes a lustrous substance (nacre) to cover the foreign body. An oyster or mollusk can take between five to seven years to secrete enough nacre to produce a jewelry quality pearl.

Cushion Cut

A stone that is cut to look like a square or rectangle with rounded edges. The cut is usually multi-faceted to give the highest possible light refraction.

Diamond

A clear transparent precious gemstone composed of pure crystallized carbon which has been highly compressed over millions of years. Diamonds are the hardest substance known to mankind rating on the mohs scale. They are valued because it is difficult to produced a faceted diamond and when properly cut they have high refractivity and brilliance. The quality and value of a diamond is rated using the “4 Cs” of color. Cut, Clarity and carat weight. (See individual listings). The diamond is the birthstone for April.

Diamond Accent

Jewelry that has one or more diamonds with a combined carat weight of less than one fourth of a carat.

Emerald

A rich green gemstone of the beryl family. Fine emerald are among the most valuable gemstones. Unlike most gemstone, inclusion, (called “jardin,” the French word for garden ), are quite common in emerald, so they lower the value much less than with other precious stones such as diamonds. As a remedy to lessen the appearance of common flaws, emeralds may be oiled or dyed. A valuable emerald will be bright vividly colored green.. those with a slight blue cast to the bright green are actually the most valuable color. Many emeralds seen in jewelry are of relatively low in quality . if an emerald appears to be very fine , it may actually a synthetic . emerald have long been regarded as a symbol of fertility, rebirth and springtime, they were believed to protect the wearer from the perils of long journeys. Emerald is the birthstone for may.

Emerald cut

(Also refers to as “table cut” or “step-cut”). A rectangular or square shaped cut with chamfered corners and stepped facts, typically parallel to the girdle. This cut is also use for precious stones other than emeralds.

Engagement ring

A ring set with a gemstone (usually a diamond), that is traditionally given to a women by the man to signify their intention to be married.

Engraving

Any pattern design or mark that is cut into a piece of jewelry with a special engraver’s tool; the process of cutting or carving lines into a surface.

Enhanced

Nearly all gemstone available today have been enhanced to bring out their best color or to strengthen them. For example, an accepted industry practice in the polishing process for sapphires involves heating the stones to bring out their color this process simply extends what nature begun, since it is heat and pressure that give gemstone their color in the first place.

Freshwater pearl

A pearl produced by mollusk that inhabits fresh water, such as a lake or river, as opposed to seawater.
These pearls are usually shaped like an uneven grain of rice and unlike the saltwater oyster, which normally produce only one or two pearls; each mussel can simultaneously produce many natural freshwater pearls are found in a variety of colors including blue.

Garnet

The name is derived from its resemblance in color and shape to the seeds of the pomegranate. The most common color of garnets range from light red to violet or plum-red, but can also be white, green, yellow, brown, black varieties, its seems as though every shade and color of garnet is given its own name. garnets have a hardness that varies between 6-8 on the mohs scale. It was believed that the wearer of garnet jewelry was kept in good health and protected while travelling. Garnets are worn to signify truth and faith. Red garnet is the birthstone for January.

Gem(Gemstone)

A precious or semiprecious stone that may be used as a jewel when cut and polished. Include diamond, beryl, emerald, chalcedony, agate, onyx, tourmaline, chrysolite, sapphire, ruby, spinal, topaz, turquoise, zircon, cubic zirconia, jacinth, hyacinth, carbuncle, amethyst, alexandrite, cat’s eye, hematite, jasper, moonstone, sunstone, and many others, Several organic materials like coral and pearls are also considered gemstone .

Genuine

Unless the word “Genuine” is included in the description of a piece of jewelry it could simply be using the term to describe the color of the piece rather than its actual content.

Genuine Pearl

A Smooth, round growth used as a gem, a “Genuin” pearl is one that formed naturally within the shell of a mollusk due to an irritant rather than having the irritant placed into the mollusk by hand or being made out of plastic.

Gold Plated

A piece of jewelry with a wafer thin coating of gold electroplated or mechanically plated onto a base metal.

Gold Tone

Jewelry finished with a gold color with almost no appreciable measurement of weight in actual gold.

Golden Finish

Jewelry finished so that it has the look of gold, but no actual gold content.

Half-hoop

A Bangle, bracelet or ring in which only half of the circumference of the piece is set with stones.

Heart Cut

A “fancy cut” diamond or stone in the shape of heart.

Herringbone chain

A chain made up of short, flat, slanted parallel links with the direction of the slant alternating row-by-row resembling the spine of the herring.

Hidden box clasp

A box clasp hidden under the last link of chain so that when the chain is closed it looks uniform, except for the release lever.

High polish

A piece of jewelry that has been polished to a mirror-like finish.

Hoop Earring

An earring made from metal wire or tubing that has been shaped like a hoop. Charms and the other ornaments are sometimes hung from the hoop.

Marcasite

A mineral with the same composition as pyrite (Fool’s gold), and often called “white iron pyrite”, but differing in crystal structure. It can be faceted like a gemstone and is often used in sterling silver jewelry.

Marquise

(Mar-KEYS, also called a navette). An oval shape gemstone which tapers to a point a both ends.

Onyx

A semiprecious variety of chalcedony quartz that is a used often in jewelry. When chalcedony is variegated with spots or figures, or arranged in differently colored layers, it is called agate; and if by reason of the thickness, color, and arrangement of the layers it is suitable for being carved into cameos, it is called onxy. White onxy, a semi- translucent white to slightly yellowish-white stone, was often used as a background in Victorian jewelry, especially of cameos. Black onyx can appear opaque or translucent. Although it occurs naturally in black, it is generally dyed black to improve its color. It has a hardness of between 6.5-7 on the mohs scale.

Opal

An amorphous non-crystalline variety of silica which is softer and less dense than quartz. Opals are known for their distinctive iridescent luminous qualities which are actually inclusions that can refract light in rainbow of color, called “fire” that change with the angle of observation (Dichroism). Opals contain a large amount of water and susceptible to cracking. Opal is the birthstone of October.

Pear Cut

A fancy shape of gem cutting which somewhat resembles a teardrop; rounded on one end and pointed on the other. See fancy cut.

Pearl

An organic gem grown within oyster and other mollusk when they procedure nacre as a reaction to an irritant. A good sized pearl can take between five to eight years to form, which is usually the entire life of the oyster or mollusk. Pearls are most valuable when they are perfectly round. Fine natural pearls are much more expensive and rare to find then cultured pearls. Never dip jewelry with pearls into a jewelry cleaning solution unless it specially says that it is safe for pearls. If the solution is not intended for pearls, it will dull the luster on the pearl and cause them to look cloudy . pearls is the birthstone for June.

Pendant

An ornament or charm that hangs from a cord or chain worn around the neck.

Peridot

Another name for chrysolite and olivine. Peridot is the birthstone for august.

Post

The pin that sticks out the back of a stud earring. The post goes through the pierced ear and is secured in place with a catch that slides onto it behind the earlobe.

Rhodium

A metal that is part of the platinum family but is liquid in its raw natural state not solid like platinum. Rhodium can be applied to base metals, Gold, sterling silver, or some other alloy, to give it a shiny white surface like platinum. This process was popular in the 30’s and 40’s is very durable, and very expensive.

Ruby

One of the four precious gemstone along with diamonds, emeralds and sapphire. Ruby is a member of the corundum family whose color comes from chromium oxide in the stone. Rubies are extremely hard, a 9 on the mohs scale, second only to diamonds. Fines rubies of good color can be more valuable than diamonds, for centuries, engagement rings are set with rubies instead of diamonds. The ruby is the birthstone for july.

Sapphire

One of the four precious gemstone. The other three are Diamonds, Rubies, and Emeralds. Sapphire is a member of the corundum family, which comes in a variety of colors from white to orange to green to pink. If a corundum gemstone is red, it is a ruby, but any other colors are properly referred to as sapphires. Sapphires have been synthesized since the 1920’s. Blue Sapphire is the birthstone for September.

Screw Back

A type earring attachment for non-pierced ears where the earring is tightend against the earlobe by means of a screw with a flat padded end.

Semiprecious

Any gemstone valued for three beauty but which are not one of the four “Precious stones”, (Emeraled, opal, peridot, rose quartz etc). Some examples of semiprecious stones are amethyst, aventurine, carnelian, garnet, opal, peridot, rose, quartz etc.

Setting

The part of the jewelry into which stones are set. Also refers to the mechanism used to hold the stones in place, such as bezel, pave’, channel, and prong settings.

Hank

The part of a ring that encircles the finger, doesn’t include the setting.

Solitaire

A single, (Solitary), gemstone mounted in a simple setting, often found in a ring or pendant.

Square Cut

A style of gem cutting resembling the emerald cut.

Stud

A simple style of earring for pierced ears that has a single stone (Such as pearl) or metal ball on a straight post with no dangling parts.

Turquoise

A hydro aluminum phosphate colored by copper salts found in dessert regions throughout the world and used in jewelry by the natives who live three including Mongolian, Chinese, native Australian, Persian, and south western native Americans. Different colors of turquoise, varying from sky blue to nearly green occur in untreated turquoise. Turquoise ring brown or grey streaks in turquoise are caused by the “Matrix”, or “Mother stone”, from which the turquoise is mined. Turquoise is a source of good fortune and beauty.

Tarnish

We carry cubic zirconia tennis bracelets. A bracelet made up of individually set gemstone of uniform size and color linked together like a chain so it is somewhat flexible.

Titanium

A metallic element used in some jewelry because of the range of colors it produces when heated.

Tungsten

Tungsten has the highest melting point and lowest vapor pressure of all metals, and at temperature over 1650 C has the highest tensile strength. It has excellent corrosion resistance second only to carbon (Diamonds). Tungsten carbide’s flawless features and durable nature will create an everlasting piece.

Toe Ring

A type of body jewelry worn around one or more toes. Toe rings come in style similer to rings worn on the fingers, But toes rings have a small gap on the bottom of the ring to allow them to slip over the tips of the toe more easily.

Toggle Clasp

A means of fastening two ends of a chain together consisting of a ring on the end a short bar on the other. The bar is slid through the ring and sits across it does not slide or pull.

Topaz

A fluosilicate of aluminum that occurs in rhombohedral crystal and is used as a gemstone . although it is a hard stone , topaz can be susceptible to breaking. Topaz is sought after because it is lustrous, has double refraction and a strong hue. It may be found in many colors, such as blue, brown, clear, green, orange, pink, red, yellow, white . the most valuable topaz is “Imperial” topaz with a golden yellow to orange color.

Trillion-Cut

A brilliant –cut gemstone that is triangular is shape rather than round with 44 facts.